Emmanuel Radnitzky (Philadelphia, US, 1890 – Paris, FR, 1976)
Man Ray, whose original name is Emmanuel Radnitzky, was a photographer, painter, and filmmaker. He played a major role in both the Dada and Surrealist movements.
The son of Jewish immigrants, Radnitzky grew up in New York City where he studied architecture, engineering, and art and became a painter. As early as 1911, he took up the pseudonym of Man Ray. In 1915 he met the French artist Marcel Duchamp, and together they collaborated on many inventions and formed the New York group of Dada artists. Like Duchamp, Man Ray began to produce ready-mades, commercially manufactured objects that he designated as works of art. His experiments with photography included rediscovering how to make camera-less pictures, or photograms, which he called rayographs.