George Maciunas (Kaunas, LT, 1931 – 1978)
George Maciunas was a Lithuanian-American artist, known as a founding member of the Fluxus community of artists. He was born in Lithuania and soon moved to America to escape the Soviet occupation. Maciunas had originally set up the AG Gallery, 925 Madison Avenue, New York City, to exhibit abstract art and to sell ancient musical instruments; upon meeting La Monte Young and Richard Maxfield in late 1960, however, he ‘was suddenly confronted with the most radical ideas in art.’ Overnight, the gallery was transformed into a greenhouse for ‘the germination of Fluxus’. He assembled a loose non-hierarchical gathering of innovative artists, architects, writers, composers, and designers from around the world. He also actively participated in the most important Fluxus events such as Fluxus festival in Wiesbaden, Germany in 1962, at the Kunstakademie in Dusseldorf in 1963 and more Fluxus related happenings held in Europe and in the United States.