Howard Hodgkin (London, UK, 1932 – 2017)
Howard Hodgkin became a prominent figure in British art in the 1970s for painting on wooden supports, such as drawing boards and door frames instead of canvas. Using broad, gestural brushstrokes and a vivid palette of contrasting colors that emphasized the rectangular picture plane, Hodgkin defined painting as an object. While his early compositions have a collaged geometric flatness, Hodgkin’s later work, including etchings and aquatint prints, has increasingly incorporated more complex fluid patterning. In 1984, Hodgkin represented Britain at the Venice Biennale, in 1985 he won the Turner Prize, and in 1992 he was knighted. A major exhibition of his work was mounted at Tate Britain, London, in 2006.