Joan Brossa (Barcelona, ES, 1919 – 1998)
Joan Brossa is considered a leading exponent of Visual Poetry not only of Catalan literature, but the pioneer of this kind in Spain and one of the great international references. For Joan Brossa, form had priority over content. His poetry therefore plays with letters and words with an acute sense of humour. This did not exclude, however, the strong political and social commitment of his artistic message as well as the Catalan patriotic witness. During his career Brossa often collaborated with important artists of other disciplines, such as the painters Joan Miró and Antoni Tàpies, the musicians Josep M. Mestres Quadreny and Carles Santos. In 1968, during the period of the youth protest in France, he met Isidore Isou and approached for the first time to Lettrism. After the restoration of democracy in Spain (1978), Brossa’s poetry is present in the posters, often dedicated to popular culture that has now exploded in complete freedom; at the same time his books of literary poetry are published no longer censored, neither idiomatically nor ideologically, receiving assignments for public spaces for the new democratic authorities.